The on-going evolution of the eurozone crisis has elicited healthy calls for a boost to European integration which often crystallise around the concept of a "federal leap". Yves Bertoncini tries to clarify the terms of this debate, in a Notre Europe’s viewpoint identifying four main issues:
1 - A "European Federation of Nation States" based on a specific social and political contract
2 - Adjusting the share out of competences between the EU and its member states
3 - The issue of European government and of recourse to differentiation
4 - The need to rise to the democratic challenges at the national and Community levels
Competences, government, democracy: those are the three main issues in a European "roadmap" which must not be purely economic and social, but must also be political and institutional – and they are also the ingredients of the political jolts, as daring as it is reasonable, which the EU so sorely needs.