European elections: the abstention trap
This Policy paper by Yves Bertoncini presents these main causes, on the basis of three complementary sets of analyses:
1 - The turnout rates at European elections: an illusory drop?
2 - Low turnout rates linked to a "civic bonding deficit" of the MEP's?
3 - A natural turnout level for "subsidiary" elections: the European Parliament's power deficit
Yves Bertoncini concludes his Policy paper underlining the need to put into perspective the low level of the turnout rate at European elections, which suffer from a proximity deficit, but not from a legitimacy one.