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Clémentine d'Oultremont

Clémentine d'Oultremont

Clémentine d’Oultremont obtained a Master’s degree in Law (2007) from the ‘Université ...
Sami Andoura

Sami Andoura

Sami Andoura joined the Jacques Delors Institute in April 2009 as Research Fellow until May ...
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The role of gas in the external dimension of the EU energy transition


This Policy Paper is a contribution of Sami Andoura(Notre Europe - Jacques Delors Institute) et Clémentine d'Oultremont(Egmont), to the project Think Global – Act European (TGAE). Thinking strategically about the EU’s external action directed by Notre Europe – Jacques Delors Institute (report available in May 2013, dir. Elvire Fabry, Senior Research Fellow, Notre Europe – Jacques Delors Institute).

As an economically attractive option for investors, a potential backup source for renewables and the cleanest fossil fuel, natural gas is expected to play an important role in the European transition towards a low-carbon economy by 2050. At a time when European primary energy resources are being depleted and energy demand is growing, natural gas is becoming increasingly important to the EU. Consequently, the gas import dependency of the EU will continue to grow significantly in the coming years. However, if the EU wants to achieve its energy transition by 2050, gas must be considered as a mid-term rather than a long-term solution.

The EU is facing important challenges linked to its gas policy both internally, by attempting to create a competitive, interconnected and well-functioning internal market for gas; and externally, by struggling to develop a coherent and collective external strategy, which would allow it to both diversify and secure its gas supply from abroad.

Meanwhile, new sources of unconventional gas could change the world’s energy markets with potential consequences for the EU. However, many uncertainties remain regarding the development of unconventional gas within the EU, especially on negative environmental and climate impacts.

In view of all these challenges, it is crucial that the EU clarifies its strategy regarding gas in the aim of improving its security of supply and pursuing its efforts against climate change. This paper will conclude by laying out concrete recommendations on how the EU could strengthen its strategy with regard to gas.

Before the publication of the final report presenting the key recommendations of the 16 think tanks involved in the project, 5 series of policy papers address the following key challenges: migration,EU neighbourhood, CSDP, strategic resources and economic policy (publication on March 12th).

This Policy Paper is part of the series entitled "EU resource management: what European external action strategy?” which includes contributions by Gonzalo Escribano (Elcano), Annika Ahtonen et Andrea Frontini (EPC), Nadège Chambon (Notre Europe - Jacques Delors Institute)etStephen Tindale (CER).

Go to the other contributions of the resource management series >>

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